World News of the Week – July 9 to July 15, 2018

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French President Macron celebrates France winning the World Cup (via Reuters)

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What You Need To Know:

1. A suicide bombing at an election rally in Pakistan’s southwest killed 128 people.

2. The Trump administration released a list of 10% tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods, making good on the president’s threats to escalate a broadening trade war with Beijing.

3. Official rivals just weeks ago, the leaders of Ethiopia and Eritrea embraced warmly to the roar of a crowd of thousands at a concert to celebrate the end of a long state of war.

4. Torrential rains across western Japan triggered floods and landslides that killed more than 200 people in Japan’s worst weather disaster in 36 years.

5. A tourist boat capsized off the coast of Thailand’s Phuket killing at least 44 people, making it Thailand’s worst tourist-related disaster in years and underscoring safety concerns about the industry.

6. The Israeli military lifted its restrictions along the Gaza border, indicating it had accepted an Egypt-mediated cease-fire that ended a 24-hour round of fighting with Hamas militants that had threatened to devolve into all-out war.

7. A suicide bomber in Afghanistan killed at least 12 people, including several children, in an attack in the eastern city of Jalalabad claimed by Islamic State militants.

8. A federal grand jury charged 12 Russian intelligence officers with hacking Democratic computer networks in 2016, in the most detailed U.S. accusation yet that Russia meddled in the presidential election to help Donald Trump.

9. Haitian Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant resigned amid calls for him to step down over his handling of a failed plan to raise fuel prices that set off a wave of deadly protests.

10. The United Nations Security Council imposed an arms embargo on South Sudan, nearly five years after civil war erupted in the country.

Afghanistan

Algeria

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Brazil

Cameroon

China

Colombia

Congo

Czech Republic

Denmark

Egypt

Ethiopia

France

Germany

Greece

Haiti

Hungary

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Italy

Japan

Morocco

Myanmar

Nigeria

North Korea

Pakistan

Palestinian Territories

Philippines

Russia

Saudi Arabia

Singapore

Slovenia

Somalia

South Africa

South Korea

South Sudan

Spain

Switzerland

Syria

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States of America

Vietnam

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World News of the Week – July 2 to July 8, 2018

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People jump into the water as they are chased by a bull in Denia, Spain (via EPA)

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What You Need To Know:

1. British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson and Brexit Secretary David Davis resigned adding to divisions over Brexit that threaten to tear apart Prime Minister May’s government.

2. At least 100 people killed in torrential rains and landslides in western Japan.

3. The United States and China slapped tit-for-tat duties on $34 billion worth of each other’s imports, triggering the “largest-scale trade war.”

4. The parties in Germany’s ruling coalition reached an agreement on a package of measures to deal with asylum-seekers who have already registered in other E.U. states.

5. Turkey dismissed more than 18,000 civil servants, ahead of this month’s expected lifting of a two-year-old state of emergency imposed after an attempted coup.

6. Eight children trapped for over two weeks in a flooded cave in northern Thailand have been rescued; Four boys and their coach remain in the cave.

7. Anti-government protests broke out in Polish cities in defense of the country’s constitution, judicial independence and the rule of law.

8. Former Malaysian PM Najib was charged with criminal breach of trust and corruption, two months after a multibillion-dollar corruption scandal at a state investment fund led to his stunning election defeat.

9. At least six soldiers in Tunisia’s national guard were killed in an apparent attack by an armed group near the Algerian border.

10. A Pakistani anti-corruption tribunal sentenced former PM Sharif to 10 years in prison over purchases of luxury apartments in London.

Afghanistan

Australia

Azerbaijan

Belgium

Bolivia

Brazil

Cameroon

Canada

China

DR Congo

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Germany

Guatemala

Haiti

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Japan

Jordan

Kenya

Kuwait

Libya

Macedonia

Malaysia

Mali

Mexico

Nigeria

North Korea

Pakistan

Palestinian Territories

Philippines

Poland

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Sri Lanka

Syria

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States of America

Vatican

Vietnam

Yemen

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World News of the Week – June 25 to July 1, 2018

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Newly elected Mexican President Lopez Obrador flashes the victory sign (via AP)

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What You Need To Know:

1. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador decisively won Mexico’s presidency, setting the stage for the most left-wing government in decades.

2. At least 48 people were killed in northern India when an overcrowded bus plunged off a mountain road into a gorge.

3. A suicide car bomb aimed at a patrol of French soldiers killed four civilians in northern Mali.

4. The U.S. ambassador to Estonia resigned over frustrations with President Trump’s comments about the European Union and his treatment of European allies.

5. The Turkish military killed eight Kurdish militants in air strikes in northern Iraq and southeastern Turkey.

6. Insurgent attacks in Afghanistan killed 29 people, targeting peace talks between the Taliban and village elders.

7. More than 200 people died in clashes in central Nigeria between farmers and herders after attacks by “suspected militia herdsmen.”

8. U.S. intelligence agencies believe North Korea has increased production of fuel for nuclear weapons at secret sites and may try to hide these while seeking concessions in nuclear talks.

9. A strike called by Argentina’s largest trade union in protest over President Macri’s market-friendly economic policies brought the country to a standstill.

10. German Chancellor Merkel has reportedly secured agreements with 14 European Union countries to rapidly return some asylum seekers.

Afghanistan

Algeria

Argentina

Australia

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

China

eSwatini

Ethiopia

France

Georgia

Germany

Ghana

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Italy

Japan

Jordan

Kenya

Libya

Macedonia

Madagascar

Malaysia

Mali

Mexico

Morocco

Myanmar

Nigeria

North Korea

Pakistan

Palestinian Territories

Poland

Romania

Russia

Saudi Arabia

South Korea

South Sudan

Spain

Sudan

Syria

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States of America

Vatican

Venezuela

Vietnam

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World News of the Week – June 18 to June 24, 2018

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North Korean leader Kim Jong Un toasts with Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing (via KCNA)

What You Need To Know:

1. Tayyip Erdogan won Turkey’s presidential election overcoming the biggest electoral challenge to his rule in a decade and a half.

2. President Trump threatened to escalate a trade war with Europe by imposing a 20% tariff on all U.S. imports of European Union-assembled cars.

3. Fears of a humanitarian crisis in Yemen’s Hodeidah grew as fighting spilled into residential districts after Arab coalition forces seized the airport from the Iran-aligned Houthis.

4. Unidentified assailants launched a grenade attack at a political rally in support of the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in an attack that killed several people.

5. Chinese President Xi offered high praise to visiting North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, lauding the “positive” outcome of his summit with U.S. President Trump and promising unwavering friendship.

6. Taliban militants killed 30 Afghan soldiers and captured a military base in the western province of Badghis in their first major attack since a ceasefire for the Eid al-Fitr holiday.

7. Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s wife, Sara, was charged with fraud over the alleged misuse of state funds in ordering catered meals at their official residence

8. Zimbabwe’s President Mnangagwa escaped injury in an explosion at a political rally, and vowed the attack would not derail Zimbabwe’s first election since the ouster of former strongman Mugabe.

9. Women in Saudi Arabia hit the roads ushering in the end of the world’s last ban on female drivers.

10. Nigeria imposed a curfew after least 70 people died in communal clashes between farmers and semi-nomadic herders.

Afghanistan

Algeria

Bosnia

Bulgaria

Cambodia

Canada

China

Colombia

Congo

Czech Republic

Denmark

Egypt

Ethiopia

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Italy

Japan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Lebanon

Libya

Macedonia

Madagascar

Mali

Mexico

Moldova

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Nigeria

North Korea

Palestinian Territories

Paraguay

Philippines

Romania

Russia

Saudi Arabia

South Korea

South Sudan

Sweden

Syria

Turkey

Uganda

United Kingdom

United States of America

Vatican

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zimbabwe

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World News of the Week – June 11 to June 17, 2018

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President Vladimir Putin on the stage with the World Cup trophy at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow (via Getty) 

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What You Need To Know:

1. President Trump announced that the United States will implement a 25% tariff on $50 billion of goods from China related to intellectual property and technology.

2. Right-wing candidate Ivan Duque won the Colombian presidential election against leftist Petro.

3. Greece and Macedonia set aside three decades of dispute as they agreed to rename Macedonia the “Republic of North Macedonia.”

4. Blasts killed at least 20 people in northeast Nigeria in the largest attack for weeks in a region blighted by Boko Haram.

5. Eight people died in a shoot-out and fire that shattered a truce struck hours earlier between Nicaraguan President Ortega and protesters.

6. A car bomb killed at least 26 people at a gathering of Taliban and Afghan armed forces in the eastern city of Nangarhar, Afghanistan.

7. Forces from an alliance of Arab states wrested control of the entrance to the airport in Yemen’s Houthi-held main port city of Hodeidah.

8. Turkish warplanes killed 35 militants from the Kurdistan Workers Party in air strikes in northern Iraq.

9. U.K. Prime Minister May defused a rebellion in parliament over her Brexit plans after having to compromise and hand lawmakers more control over Britain’s departure from the E.U.

10. China’s navy carried out drills in the South China Sea to simulate fending off an aerial attack, as the country clashes with the U.S. over responsibility in the disputed waterway.

Afghanistan

Argentina

Australia

Bangladesh

Bulgaria

Cambodia

Canada

Chile

China

Colombia

Congo

Czech Republic

Egypt

El Salvador

France

Georgia

Germany

Greece

India

Indonesia

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Jordan

Libya

Macedonia

Madagascar

Malaysia

Mali

Mexico

Myanmar

Nicaragua

Nigeria

North Korea

Pakistan

Palestinian Territories

Philippines

Russia

South Korea

Spain

Syria

Turkey

Uganda

United Kingdom

United States of America

Vatican

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

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The Singapore Summit

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U.S. President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un shake hands in Singapore (via AP)

On June 11, 2018, United States President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un met in Singapore. This was the first meeting between a sitting U.S. President and a North Korean leader in decades. The meeting resulted in a joint statement between the two leaders.

The GOOD:

North Korea agreed to a freeze of nuclear testing in exchange for the U.S. and South Korea freezing its military exercises. In the short term, this is a big success for peace and stability in the region.

Long-term, the United States may finally begin to establish diplomatic and possibly economic relations with North Korea, making any potential future conflict less likely, and giving Koreans hope for a better future.

The BAD:

The major criticism of the Singapore Summit is President Trump’s failure to force North Korea to make improvements when it comes to human rights, as well as releasing prisoners of war, an issue that matters a lot to Japan.

There were also no concrete steps towards denuclearization, only vague statements, which many diplomats will require to entertain the idea of establishing closer ties with North Korea.

Additionally, the summit with North Korea established a precedent that pursuing a nuclear weapons program may eventually grant your country diplomatic and economic ties with the U.S..

Conclusion:

Although more work needs to be done, the situation undeniably looks better than it did six months ago. We must credit South Korean President Moon and U.S. President Trump for this positive development.

Overall, this summit gets everyone closer to South Korea’s ultimate goal to reunite the Korean peninsula.

World News of the Week – June 4 to June 10, 2018

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German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with President Trump during the G7 summit (via AP) 

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What You Need To Know:

1. U.S. President Trump asked U.S. representatives not to endorse the joint communique put out by the G7 leaders after Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau’s news conference.

2.  Burundi’s President Nkurunziza announced that he will not run for another term, even as he put in place a new constitution that would allow him to stay in power until 2034.

3. At least 109 people were killed after Guatemala‘s Fuego volcano erupted.

4. Clashes between troops backed by a Saudi-led coalition and the Iran-aligned Houthis intensified near Yemen’s Hodeidah as the U.N. tries to negotiate a ceasefire to avert a possible assault on the main port city.

5. Jordan’s King Abdullah replaced his prime minister in a move to defuse the biggest protests in years, over IMF-backed reforms that have hit the poor.

6. A motorcycle suicide bomber killed 14 people near a gathering of Muslim clerics in Afghanistan after they had issued a fatwa against suicide bombings.

7. Czech President Zeman appointed Andrej Babis as prime minister for a second time, giving him a new chance on forming a government to end a long political stalemate.

8. A storage site housing ballot boxes from Iraq’s parliamentary election caught fire, just days after parliament demanded a nationwide recount of votes, drawing calls for the election to be re-run.

9. At least 60 migrants were killed as their boat sank off the coast of Tunisia.

10. Airstrikes on a rebel-held Syrian village killed at least 35 people, including children, in one of the deadliest incidents this year.

Afghanistan

 

Bosnia

Brazil

Burundi

Canada

China

Colombia

Congo

Czech Republic

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Finland

France

Greece

Guatemala

Hungary

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Italy

Japan

Jordan

Kenya

Malaysia

Mali

Mexico

Myanmar

Netherlands

Pakistan

Palestinian Territories

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Romania

Russia

Saudi Arabia

Singapore

Slovenia

Somalia

Spain

Sudan

Sweden

Switzerland

Syria

Taiwan

Tunisia

Turkey

Ukraine

United States of America

The Vatican

Vietnam

Yemen

Zimbabwe

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World News of the Week – May 28 to June 3, 2018

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U.S. President Trump is presented with a letter from North Korean leader Kim Jong-un (via White House)

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What You Need To Know:

1. The Trump administration delivered a gut punch to America’s closest allies, imposing tariffs on steel and aluminum from Europe, Mexico, and Canada in a move that drew immediate vows of retaliation

2. Giuseppe Conte was sworn in as Italy’s prime minister, heading western Europe’s first anti-establishment government bent on overhauling European Union rules on budgets and immigration.

3. At least 15 people were killed and more than 200 injured as pro-government armed groups opened fire on the marchers during a demonstration on Nicaragua’s Mother’s Day.

4. A right-wing opposition party led by a former Slovenian prime minister won the most votes in Slovenia’s parliamentary election, but not enough to form a government on its own.

5. Two Indian paramilitary soldiers were killed and 8 civilians wounded when Pakistani soldiers attacked dozens of posts along the highly militarized frontier in disputed Kashmir.

6. U.S. President Donald Trump, in a complete reversal, said he would hold a summit with North Korea‘s leader Kim Jong Un on June 12 in Singapore in the latest twist over eliminating Pyongyang’s nuclear arms program.

7. Socialist Pedro Sanchez was sworn in as Spain’s Prime Minister, taking over from conservative Mariano Rajoy who was ousted over a corruption scandal.

8. More than 50 senior Taliban commanders were killed in an artillery strike on a meeting in Afghanistan’s southern province of Helmand, as fighting continued across the country.

9. Israeli forces killed a Palestinian nurse as she tried to help a wounded protester at the Gaza border, while Israel said militants had attacked its troops with gunfire and a grenade.

10. Thousands of Jordanians protested against a planned tax increase, marching toward the office of the prime minister and demanding his resignation.

Afghanistan

Argentina

Belgium

Brazil

Canada

China

Colombia

Croatia

Cuba

Denmark

Egypt

eSwatini

France

Georgia

Germany

Guatemala

Haiti

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Italy

Jordan

Kenya

Libya

Mali

Mexico

Mozambique

Nicaragua

Nigeria

North Korea

Palestinian Territories

Philippines

Portugal

Saudi Arabia

Slovenia

South Africa

Spain

Syria

Tunisia

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States of America

The Vatican

Venezuela

Yemen

Zimbabwe

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World News of the Week – May 21 to May 27, 2018

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Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-In embrace after their second summit on the North Korean side of the demilitarized zone (via EPA)

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What You Need To Know: 

1. Italy’s Prime Minister-designate Giuseppe Conte has given up on efforts to form a government after President Mattarella rejected his choice for economic minister.

2. Ireland overwhelmingly voted to overturn their restrictive abortion ban in referendum.

3. North Korean leader Kim Jong-un made good on his promise to demolish his country’s nuclear test site as a small group of foreign journalists watched.

4. At least 30 Syrian army troops and Iranian-backed militiamen were killed when Islamic State fighters attacked a military outpost near Palmyra in eastern Syria.

5. A heatwave killed 65 people in Pakistan’s southern city of Karachi amid fears the death toll could climb as the high temperatures persist.

6. Venezuela‘s President Nicolás Maduro won re-election to another six-year term, in a vote marred by an opposition boycott, low turnout, and claims of vote-rigging.

7. Voters in Burundi overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, ushering in changes that could let President Nkurunziza stay in power until 2034.

8. Colombian right-wing candidate Ivan Duque won a place in June’s presidential runoff with leftist Gustavo Petro, deepening fears a peace accord with Marxist rebels could be unraveled or the economy overhauled.

9. An Ebola outbreak in DR Congo has infected at least 35 people, killing 12.

10. Sunni politician Saad al-Hariri was nominated to be Prime Minister of Lebanon for the third time.

Afghanistan

Algeria

Argentina

Australia

Azerbaijan

Barbados

Brazil

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cameroon

Canada

China

Colombia

Congo

Croatia

Egypt

Estonia

Ethiopia

Finland

France

Germany

Guatemala

Guinea

India

Iran

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Lebanon

Libya

Malaysia

Mexico

Myanmar

North Korea

Pakistan

Palestine

Panama

Paraguay

Romania

Russia

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Spain

Syria

Thailand

Turkey

Uganda

Ukraine

United States of America

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zimbabwe

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Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Explained

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How Israel Was Created?

After World War I, the League of Nations granted the British a mandate to rule Palestine, which was to be changed into a Jewish National Home.

In 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Palestine recommending the creation of Arab and Jewish independent States and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency, and rejected by Arab leaders.

On May 14, 1948, the Jewish Agency declared the State of Israel’s independence. The following day, the armies of four Arab countries – Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq – entered what had been British Mandatory Palestine launching the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. They were joined by Yemen, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan.

After a year of fighting, a ceasefire was declared and temporary borders, known as the Green Line, were established. Jordan annexed what became known as the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Egypt took control of the Gaza Strip.

On May 11, 1949, Israel was admitted as a member of the United Nations by a majority vote.

In May 1967, Egypt massed its army near its border with Israel, expelled UN peacekeepers, and blocked Israel’s access to the Red Sea.

On June 5, 1967, Israel launched a pre-emptive strike against Egypt. Jordan, Syria, and Iraq responded. In a Six-Day War, Israel defeated Jordan and captured the West Bank, defeated Egypt and captured the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula, and defeated Syria and captured the Golan Heights. Jerusalem’s boundaries were enlarged, incorporating East Jerusalem.

In 1977, Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat made a trip to Israel, and became the first Arab head of State to recognize Israel as a nation. In the two years that followed, Egypt and Israel signed the Camp David Accords and the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. In return, Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula, and agreed to negotiations over autonomy for Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

The Current Situation in Israel

The current Prime Minister of Israel is Benjamin Netanyahu, a member of the Likud party, which is a center-right to right-wing political party founded by Ariel Sharon. Politics in Israel traditionally fall into three camps, the first two being the largest: Labor Zionism (social democrat), Revisionist Zionism (conservative) and Religious Zionism.

Today, Israel is 75% Jewish, 18% Muslim, 2% Christian, and has a population of nearly 9 million people. The GDP per capita is $42,115, ranked 20th in the world. Militarily, Israel has a military budget of $21.6 billion (14th largest in the world), which includes the nuclear bomb. The United States provides significant aid to Israel, over $3.1 billion annually, and over $100 billion since its creation.

The Current Situation in the West Bank

Israel has controlled the West Bank since the Six-Day War (1967). After the 1993 Oslo Accords, Israel allowed the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) to run some administrative areas of the West Bank.

The PLO, runs the Palestinian Authority, a government tasked with managing the Palestinian territories until it makes a deal with Israel. The largest faction of the PLO is Fatah, a secular nationalist political party created by Yasser Arafat. The current leader of the Palestinian Authority is Mahmoud Abbas.

Since 1967, Israel has allowed over 500,000 Israeli settlers to move into settlements in the West Bank. These settlements have the effect of blurring the boundaries of any future Palestinian State, as many Israelis want the West Bank to be fully incorporated as Israeli territory. The presence of these settlements requires Israeli forces to establish a military presence, often making life difficult for Palestinians, as they are excluded from certain Israeli-only roads, and forced to go through a number of security checkpoints.

The Current Situation in Gaza

Gaza is currently under Israeli blockade and is governed by a militant “resistance” group called Hamas. Because Hamas has fired thousands of rockets at Israeli targets, and has conducted suicide bombings on civilian targets, it is considered a terrorist organization by Israel, the United States, and the European Union. To this day, Hamas refuses to recognize the Israeli State, but allows for acceptance of a Palestinian State in the West Bank and Gaza strip rather than the entire territory.

The quality of life in Gaza is extremely poor, because Israel maintains direct external control over Gaza and indirect control over life within Gaza. Israel controls Gaza’s air and maritime space, and six of Gaza’s seven land crossings. Additionally, Israel reserves the right to enter Gaza at will with its military and maintains a no-go buffer zone within the Gaza territories. Due to Israeli and Egyptian border closures, and the Israeli sea and air blockade, the population is not free to leave or enter the Gaza strip, nor allowed to freely import or export goods. Palestinians in Gaza have limited supplies of electricity and are dependent on Israel for all basic services.

Palestinian Territories Overall

Life in Palestinian territories is extremely difficult. With a population of 4,550,368, and a GDP per capita of $1824 in the West Bank and $876 in Gaza, opportunities for success are slim. In fact, nearly 26% of the population lives below the poverty line. Making matters worse, the median age is only 19 years old, compared to 30 years old in Israel. Palestinians survive largely due to foreign aid, the United States being the largest contributor ($368 million per year).

Internationally, Palestine is recognized by 136 United Nation members, and has a status of non-member observer State since 2012. Today, there are more than 7 million Palestinian refugees living in the Palestinian territories, Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria .

What is Zionism?

Zionism is Israel’s national ideology. It is defined as a national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic land of Israel. Zionists believe Judaism is a nationality as well as a religion.

However, Arabs and Palestinians generally oppose Zionism, as the explicitly Jewish character of the Israeli State means that Jews have privileges that others do not have. Indeed, any Jew anywhere in the world can become an Israeli citizen, a right not extended to any other class of person.

The Proposed Solutions:

There are 3 proposed solutions for the conflict:

  • Two-State Solution

Palestine becomes an independent state in Gaza and most of the West Bank, leaving the rest of the land to Israel. Most polling suggests that both Israelis and Palestinians prefer a two-state solution. This is the solution that the United State is currently working on.

  • One-State Solution (Non-Jewish State)

All of the land becomes one nation, becoming a single democratic country. Left-wing Israelis and some Palestinians favor this solution.

A core Palestinian demand in peace negotiations is a “right to return” to the homes their families were forced to abandon in 1948. However, Israel believes it cannot accept the right to return without abandoning either its Jewish or democratic identity. Indeed, adding 7 million Arabs to Israel’s population would make Jews a minority. Thus, Israelis refuse to consider including the right to return in any final status deal.

  • One-State Solution (Non-Democratic State)

All of the land becomes one nation by annexing the West Bank and either forcing out Palestinians or denying them the right to vote. Some right-wing Israeli’s favor this solution, but virtually the entire world rejects this option as unacceptable.

The Likely (and Best) Solution

Israelis and Palestinians unite to form a single nation. The government would follow the Lebanese model, where highest offices are proportionately reserved for representatives from certain religious communities. This would allow Jews to feel safe that their people would be represented, while allowing Palestinians the right to vote. For example, the President would always be a Christian, the Prime Minister always Jewish, and the Speaker of the Parliament always a Muslim. In doing so, the nation retains its democratic identity while granting rights for everyone. Most importantly, this solution would bring peace to both Israelis and Palestinians.

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